June 18 – On this day


Victory at Waterloo 1815, Churchill’s ‘this was their finest hour’ speech 1940, radar and role in Battle of Britain revealed in 1941, and in 1945 British demobilization begins


The earliest recorded meeting of an Irish parliament took place in Kilkea Castle, Co. Kildare.



An Anglo-Allied army crushes the French at Waterloo. “Wellington is a bad general. This will be over before lunch,” predicts Napoleon before the battle begins.



Destroyer HMS Eden sank after colliding at night in the English Channel with the liner SS France, then operating as a troop transport. 43 of Eden’s complement of 76 were lost including her Commanding Officer.


American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales

Urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered speech to British House of Commons, “Let us so bear ourselves that . . . men will still say, “This was their finest hour”.

French Army in general retreat as German troops capture Le Mans and Cherbourg.
The garrisons of Belfort, Metz and Dijon surrender.
Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich to discuss French request for peace.

General de Gaulle forms the French National Committee in London and vows to continue the war on the side of Britain, saying that “France has lost a battle, but France has not lost the war.”

German planes raid Thames Estuary and East Coast.
Canada introduces military conscription, but overseas service is voluntary.


British press give details of development of Radio Location­ (radar) and its use in Battle of Britain.
Free French troops occupy Damascus in Syria.
Germany and Turkey sign a ten-year non-aggression pact.


The British Eighth Army evacuates Sidi Rezegh and El Adem.
Germans announce the killing of Heydrich’­s assassins, just two hours after ultimatum demanding information expired.
German troops seize Fort Maxim Gorky in Sevastopol, digging out Russian naval infantry (in their black Sailor hats) with flame-throwers.


Field Marshal Wavell is to become the Viceroy of India, with General Auchinleck becoming the C in C of India. A new East Asia Command is to be established.
Radar (Radio Detection and Ranging) becomes the official term for Radiolocation.


38 Irish Brigade – June 1944 north of Orvieto:
“From the 17th onwards, the Faughs were operating with the 56 Recce,
The combination of the new regiments carried the brigade forward to Citta della Pieve and the shores of Lake Trasimene after a series of stirring adventures together…”

The Eighth Army take Assisi.
The US First Army cuts off and isolates the German forces defending Cherbourg.

The British 2nd Division manages to advance 14 miles towards Imphal.


Eisenhower arrives in Washington to a heroes welcome.
British demobilization begins.
Japanese resistance ends on Mindanao in the Philippines.
The USAAF begins the fire blitzing of 58 smaller Japanese cities.
Truman approves OPERATION DOWNFALL with the JCS predicting 200,000 US casualties.

UN Commission on Human Rights adopts the International Declaration of Human Rights

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