June 25 – On this day

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The day on which a Soviet victory parade is held in Red Square, the Berlin airlift starts, and Korea is invaded

1731
The first meeting of the Dublin Society was held at Trinity College, Dublin, to improve “husbandry, manufactures and other useful arts” in Ireland. Later known as The Royal Dublin Society, it moved its base from Leinster House to Ballsbridge in 1924

1918
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36th (Ulster) Division Commander Major General Coffin VC Divisional Headquarters was located at Couthove Chateau in Proven

1938
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Douglas Hyde was inaugurated as the first President of Ireland. Éamon de Valera addressed Hyde, saying: “On behalf of the Irish nation, on behalf of the living, those who dwell at home as well as our kin beyond on the sea… I salute you.”

1940
First early morning air-raid alarm is heard in London.
At 1:35am, all acts of war between the French and German armed forces officially cease. Churchill says France is not freed of her obligations. The German army has moved thru France even faster than expected. As Field Marshal Erwin Rommel puts it, “The war has become practically a lightning Tour de France.”

1941
Major Russian forces are close to being surrounded in the Bialystok area by Panzer units of Army Group Centre. Panzer Group 1 captures Lutsk and Dubno, in what was before September 1939 eastern Poland.
The Red Air force launches an a number of air attacks against Finland’s airfields, in the hope of destroying German aircraft which were believed to be stationed in Finland.

1942
The RAF launches its third 1,000-bomber raid, with 1,006 aircraft against Bremen. This time Coastal Command provided 102 Hudson bombers, after Churchill’s insistence that they take part. As with the previous 1,000 bomber raids, a full moon had been selected to aid in finding the target. The raid caused heavy damage to the Focke-Wulf plant and devastated 27 acres of the inner city. The RAF lost 49 aircraft, a high proportion of them being manned by trainee crews.

German troops drive a wedge into Sevastopol’s defenses. The Russians are running out of men, space and time. Surviving fighter aircraft are sent to the Caucasus, conceding the skies to the Luftwaffe. Soon the Russian AA guns are out of ammunition and the defenders face Stukas with rifles and machine guns. Artillery shells are running low too.
The Germans capture Sidi Barrani, Sollum and the Halfaya Pass in Libya as the Eighth Army retreats to Mersa Matruh in Egypt. General Auchinleck relieves Lieutenant General Ritchie and takes personal command of the Eighth Army, with plans to hold Rommel if he could at Mersa Matruh, but more definitely at the El Alamein line, or if that failed the Suez Canal.

General Sir Claude Auchinleck replaces Lt. Gen. Neil Ritchie over British Eighth Army in Egypt.

1943
Newly built gas chamber/crematory III opens at Auschwitz. With its completion, the four new crematories at Auschwitz have a daily capacity of 4,756 bodies.

1944

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Fontenay-le-Pesnel. Brutality of war. A German 75mm anti-tank gun and one of its gunners lying dead beside it.

38 Irish Brigade – Lt-Col Horsfall 2 LIR near Trasimene, : “Our brigadier appeared and said that the Irish Brigade had shot its bolt for the time being. We would now be withdrawn from the line when the present action ended and said that we were being packed off to Egypt to recuperate…”

The British Second Army begins a major offensive in the area of Caen ‘Operation Epsom’. After a naval bombardment, street fighting is reported in Cherbourg. General Koenig is appointed C-in-C of the Free French forces.

1945

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Soviet Victory Parade in Moscow, involving 40,000 Red Army soldiers and 1,850 vehicles. This was the longest and largest military parade ever held on Red Square in Moscow.

The allies announce the division of Austria into four administrative zones. British Second Army in Germany is to be disbanded and sent back to Britain.
The UN Charter is signed by representatives at San Francisco.

1948
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The start of the Berlin Blockade; which led to the Berlin Airlift,  biggest humanitarian effort undertaken by RAF & USAF at the time, to feed and supply the people of Berlin. 43 Allied & British Commonwealth Personnel were killed. The Blockade ended in 1949.

1950

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100,000 North Korean troops cross the 38th Parallel kicking off the Korean War. The three-year conflict draws in 19 nations and kills an estimated 3 million people.

1964

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HMS INTREPID is launched at John Brown’s yard on the Clyde, the last warship to do so. Along with her sister FEARLESS both LPDs were earmarked for disposal in 1981 with INTREPID to be sold to Argentina. Her crew was recalled

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