July 7 – On this day

The major events on this day

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1940

A French naval squadron that has sought refuge at Alexandria is disarmed and interned by the British Navy.
Italy allows French Mediterranean bases to remain armed.
At Dakar, French West Africa, British torpedo bombers damage French battleship Richelieu when she refuses to surrender.

1941

Under the pretext of defending the western hemisphere against Axis incursions, the U.S. 1st Marine Brigade is landed in Iceland to relieve the British garrison that has been there since the previous year.

1942


Operation ‘Rutter’ is again delayed. The date for the attack is now postponed until the 19th August. However, General Montgomery calls for the attack to be cancelled because too many people know about it, but General Paget and Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten and General Paget insist the attack should be mounted.
Two pro-German spies, Jose Key and Alphons Timmerman are hanged at Wandsworth prison.
4th Panzer Army enter Voronezh, 150 miles to the east of Kursk. Army Group A begins its offensive in to the Donets Basin. The STAVKA (Red Army High Command) creates the Voronezh Front under General Rokossovsky and is to cover the widening gap between the Bryansk and South-West Fronts.
Himmler grants permission for sterilization experiments at Auschwitz.
China makes a plea for the allied forces to make the Pacific rather than Europe the focus of action. The Chinese cite that they have been under attack by the Japanese since 1936, long before the European nations went to war.

1943


Off the coast of Brazil, U-185 (Kptlt. Maus) sinks 3 merchant ships.
Adolf Hitler makes the V-2 missile program a top priority in armament planning.
The German forces engaged at Kursk are still unable to achieve a major breakthrough in the face of stiffening Soviet resistance, which is reinforced by the arrival of strong tank and infantry reserves. Lt. Hartmann of II/JG 52, downs 7 Soviet aircraft near Kursk, bringing his total since the start of the offensive to 22.
China enters the seventh year of ‘The Double Seven War’, which started on 7/7/1936.

1944


450 heavy RAF bombers carry out a saturation raid (2,300 tons) on the German defenses in and around Caen. 1,129 USAAF bombers attack aircraft factories and oil plants in the Leipzig area.
Attacks by the US Seventh Army in the Carentan area of the Cotentin peninsula are blunted by violent German counter-attacks.

RAF Bomber Command operations:
Night ops, July 6/7th, Thursday night and early Friday.
Minor Ops:-
33 LNSF Mosquitoes to Scholven/Buer and 3 to Mezieres railway junction.
100 Group sent out 6 Intruder and 16 V1 patrols (6 V1s shot down).
4 Stirlings gardening off the Belgian and Dutch coasts.
All returned safely.

Total Effort for the 24 hours:- 613 sorties for the loss of 1 aircraft (0.2%) plus 5 more written off in crashes back in England (but as the Command knew where they were, they weren’t counted as “lost”!

23 of our airmen paid the ultimate price and 1 was injured. There were no PoWs or evaders.

Vice-Admiral Nagumo and General Saito, commit suicide as the Japanese position on Saipan deteriorates.

Image-1

2002

Type 42 Destroyer HMS Nottingham  grounded on Wolf Rock off Australia.  F irst rate Royal Navy Damage Control training combined with the bravery of the crew saved the ship. She was repaired at HMNBPortsmouth

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