July 10 – On this day

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On this day in 1940 the preliminary phase of Battle of Britain begins

1940
Preliminary phase of Battle of Britain begins with German air attacks on Channel convoys with the aim of tempting the RAF in to battle. The Luftwaffe launches its first large scale attack on Britain as 70 aircraft attack the dock facilities at Swansea and the Royal Ordnance Factory at Pembrey in Wales.
Birthday Honours list includes only service recipients. British Union Party (Fascists) banned.

1941
Panzer Group 1 repulses a violent Soviet counter-attack in the area of Korosten to the west of Kiev.
The Finnish Karelian Army begins an offensive toward Lake Ladoga to the Northeast of Leningrad.
Germans urge Japan to enter war.
1942
General Carl Spaatz becomes the head of the U.S. Air Force in Europe.
The first two ships of the ill-fated Arctic convoy PQI7, arrive at Archangel.
Germans admit substantial Russian forces are east of the Don. Panzer units of 4th Panzer Army and 6th Army of Army Group B join up just North of Kalach on the Don, while 17th Army and 1st Panzer Army of Army Group A continue their advance toward Rostov.
Admiral Chester Nimitz is awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for meritorious service, with special attention focused on the battles of the Coral Sea and Midway.
1943
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This day in 1943, Allied forces begin the amphibious landing in Sicily, Italy, part of Operation Husky.The Allied invasion of Sicily, involved 12 divisions (160,000 men and 600 tanks) of the British Eighth and U.S. Seventh Armies being brought ashore by 3,000 landing craft (200 sunk by rough seas) on the south-east coast of Sicily. While the British approaching Syracuse meet with little German resistance, the U.S. forces are held back by strong counter-attacks of the Hermann Goring and the Italian Livorno Divisions.

1944

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On this day 1944 Captain Frederic “Johnnie” Walker, Captain of HMS Starling, commander of the famous 2nd Escort Group & the RoyalNavy’s most successful WW2 U-boat hunter, died in hospital in Liverpool of a cerebral thrombosis. As Walker’s Group had already steamed out for combat duty, most of the naval personnel who manned the funeral procession were from the Royal Canadian Navy. A final honour bestowed upon Walker was a posthumous Mention in Despatches on 1 August 1944.

1945

The USSR, U.K. and U.S. agree on the administration of greater Berlin and decide that France is to be included.
U.S. carrier-based aircraft begin airstrikes against Japan in preparation for invasion.
1000 bomber raids against Japan begin.

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