Gaza War Cemetery early this morning. 16/02/2020. Today’s Roll details eight NI men who died at the fall of Singapore, three of them were survivors from the Royal Navy ships of the ill-fated Force Z. This is the anniversary of a massacre of Australian nurses retreating from Singapore. Today’s veteran is another Queen’s doctor, William McMeekin Chesney, from Ahoghill who served in both World Wars. He was awarded the MC and Bar in WW1.
Representing their comrades who died on this day
+MARTIN, Edward William Sydney
RAMC attached 9th Battalion. Worcestershire Regiment. Captain. MiD. Died 16/02/1917, of wounds, Mesopotamia. Age 41. Dromore Intermediate School, Dromore, Co. Down. QCB 1894, MB 1899, BCh BAO DPH Camb 1905. Practiced medicine in Wales. Lieutenant RAMC April 1915, Captain April 1916. Served in Mesopotamia, Malta, and Gallipoli. Present at the evacuation of Sulva Bay. Attached MO 9th Worcester Regiment. Born in 1874. Son of John E Martin, Dromore, Co. Down, later of Eblana Street, Belfast. and Ridgeway, Newport, Monmouthshire. Amara War Cemetery. QUB WM
RN. Blacksmith 1st Class. 341077. HMS Bacchante. Died 16/02/1919. Age 43. Born in Annalong. Son of the late Thomas and Ellen Russell, of Co. Down; husband to Mollie Russell, Saunders St., Gillingham. Gillingham (Woodlands) Cemetery, Kent
1942 The defence of Singapore
Singapore was the major British military base in South-East Asia and was nicknamed the “Gibraltar of the East”. The fighting in Singapore lasted from 8–15 February 1942. HMS Sultan was the title of the RN shore base at Singapore. In addition Force Z had been despatched to the area, comprising HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse. Some of their survivors from the sinking on 10/12/1941 were in HMS Sultan.
+BELL, James D
RN. Able Seaman. D/SSX32827. HMS Sultan. Died 16/02/1942. Age 21. He had been at sea for two years. He had been an active member of Lambeg Jubilee Company of the Church Lads’ Brigade. Son of John and Emily Bell, Mill St., Hilden. (Belfast Weekly Telegraph 24/04/1942). Plymouth Naval Memorial, Panel 101. Lisburn WM
+BOYD, David Wilson
RM. Marine. PLY/X10030. Force Z. A member of the Royal Marines detachment in the battleship HMS Prince of Wales which was sunk by Japanese aircraft off the Malayan coast on 10/12/1941 together with the battlecruiser HMS Repulse. Having survived that tragedy, Marine Boyd died 16/02/1942 during the battle for Singapore. Age 21. Listed as missing, presumed dead, during the evacuation of Singapore. Husband to Charlotte Boyd, Belfast. Plymouth Naval Memorial, Panel 102
+COLEMAN, William Desmond
Royal Artillery. Lieutenant. 132871. Died 16/02/1942. Aged 27. Attd. 22 Mountain Regt., Royal Indian Artillery. Son of W. H. and Hester L. Coleman, of Warrenpoint. Singapore Memorial, Col 3, Singapore
RM. Corporal. PLY/X 1456. Died 16/02/1942. Age: 23. HMS Sultan. Son of John and Elizabeth McKillen, Glengormley. Plymouth Naval Memorial, Panel 74
RN. Stoker 1st Class. D/SKX 942. Died 14/02/1942. Age: 21. HMS Sultan. Brother of Guardsman Arthur Potts, Irish Guards, who died aged 21on 11/08/1944 and is interred at Bayeux War Cemetery, France. Sons of Stewart and Annie Potts, Lisburn. Plymouth Naval Memorial, Panel 70. Lisburn WM
HMS Caroline. RNVR. AB. P/UD/X1509. Died 16/02/1942. Age 26. HMS Grasshopper (T85) which was a Dragonfly-class river gunboat. She was launched in 1938 and sunk, together with her sister-ship HMS Dragonfly, by Japanese forces south of Singapore on 14/02/1942 with heavy loss of life. A Reservist in HMS Caroline, he went to sea just before the war. His brother Samuel was serving in the Middle East with the RAF. Sons of Agnes Preston, Velsheda Pk., Belfast. (Belfast Weekly Telegraph 17/04/1942). Portsmouth Naval Memorial
+MILLAR, Robert Robinson
RN. Ordinary Seaman. D/JX 170164. Died 16/02/1942. Age17. Force Z. Survivor of HMS Prince of Wales. Presumed killed. Missing after the invasion of Singapore. He had been in the service for nine months. Born Carrickfergus 1925. Son of James and Agnes Millar, Irish Quarter West, Carrickfergus. (Belfast Weekly Telegraph 24/04/1942). Plymouth Naval Memorial, Panel 101. Carrickfergus Town Hall Memorial Plaque
+MILLAR, Robert Robinson
RN. Ordinary Seaman. D/JX 170164. Died 16/02/1942. Age:17. Force Z. HMS Prince of Wales. Presumed killed. Missing after the invasion of Singapore. Enlisted aged 16 and assigned to Prince of Wales in 1941.
The Prince of Wales was completed by Cammell Laird Shipbuilders of Birkenhead in March of 1941 and whilst not fully operational was sent into action with the Bismarck in May. After battling with and causing damage to The Bismarck the PofW herself was damaged and sailed home for repairs, during June and July of 1941. Once repairs were completed in August the PofW conveyed Prime Minister Churchill and his staff to meet President Roosevelt off the coast of Newfoundland to sign the Atlantic Charter. Around the third week of September, the PofW joined Force H in Malta on Operation Halberd before returning home. On October 25th the Prince of Wales left the Clyde with Repulse for Singapore via the Cape of Good Hope and arrived on the 2nd December. On the 10th December with Repulse, she was sadly sunk following a torpedo attack by Japanese aircraft. Robert along with others who survived the sinking was taken to Singapore and assigned to HMS Sultan Naval Base. Then followed the Fall of Singapore to the Japanese.
Born in Carrickfergus. Son of James and Agnes Millar, Carrickfergus. Plymouth Naval Memorial, Panel 101. Carrickfergus Town Hall plaque
RAFVR. Sergeant. 1007177. Died 16/02/1942. Age 25. 458 (R.A.A.F.) Sqd 25, Son of Edward James Anstee and Mary Anstee, Belfast; Northern Ireland; Husband to Mary Anstee, Belfast. Catania War Cemetery, Sicily, Italy
+MORGAN, John Edward
RAFVR. Sergeant. 992269. Died 16/02/1945. Age 32. Son of John Henry And Jane Morgan, of Croesfaen; Husband to Mary Morgan, of Portadown. Groes-Faen (St. David) Churchyard
+NUGENT, Francis P
318th Infantry Regiment (US Army). Corporal. 32158331. Died 16/02/1945. Francis P Nugent was born in America. Both his parents were Irish. He came home when he was four years old and spent his childhood in Pomeroy. Francis Nugent returned to America. He enlisted in New Jersey. He served with the 318th Infantry Regiment, 80th Infantry Division of the 3rd United States Army. Francis had discharged himself from hospital after he was wounded the first time so that he could go and fight again, and that was when he was killed. Corporal Nugent was awarded the Purple Heart which was adorned with an oak leaf cluster to show he was wounded in battle twice. Luxembourg American Cemetery, Luxembourg
CHESNEY, William McMeekin
William McMeekin Chesney, MC, and Bar, MiD, was studying medicine at Queen’s University (and living at 23 India Street) when he joined the Officers’ Training Corps on 03/11/1911. He remained a member of the OTC until he graduated from Queen’s with a medical degree in 1914 and received a commission in the Royal Army Medical Corps (Special Reserve), being attached to the 14th Field Ambulance. In early June 1915, he was Mentioned in Despatches and, on 22/06/1915, he was awarded the Military Cross for conspicuous gallantry during fighting in the Ypres Salient in Belgium. At the time, William Chesney was in charge of a Dressing Station located in the Irish Benedictine Convent, which was destroyed during the bombardment. Throughout the action, Chesney was impressed by the quiet unassuming bravery of the nuns which “… steadied me up like a tonic …”.
During the war, William Chesney was wounded on two separate occasions and, in November 1917, the London Gazette announced that he had been awarded a Bar to the Military Cross. He was promoted to the rank of Major in May 1918 and after the armistice in 1918, he served as part of the Army of Occupation in Germany. He also served in India before retiring from military service in 1921 to take up General Practice in Birmingham.
In 1919 he had married Nora Mary Burns from Belfast and they had two daughters, both of whom pursued hospital careers. In 1939, William Chesney was recalled to duty with the RAMC, but saw Home service as Deputy Assistant Director of Medical Services in Southampton and then as Assistant Director of Medical Services (with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel) in Liverpool.
In 1945, after his second retirement from military service, William Chesney returned to general practice until his retirement, at the age of 70, in 1963. He died on 16/02/1979, at the age of 86. His obituary in the British Medical Journal (24/03/1979), stated that he left behind a “reputation of service, erudition, courage, and honour which few could hope to emulate.” William McMeekin Chesney was related to General Francis Rawdon Chesney FRS FRGS, a famous British explorer and engineer, who had demonstrated the feasibility of a canal across the isthmus at Suez. He was also connected with two Antrim men who were very successful in Australia – Sir Charles Wilson and his nephew, Sir Samuel McCaughey (1835-1919). Fitzroy Avenue Presbyterian Church War Memorial, First Ahoghill Presbyterian Church RH
16/02/1942 – Massacre of Australian nurses on Bangka Island, Sumatra.
Over 5,000 Australian nurses aided the sick and wounded during the Second World War. As Singapore fell to the Japanese, the Allied Forces evacuated by ship. Ships left Singapore carrying Australian Army nurses, injured service personnel and civilian men, women, and children. Two ships were bombed by Japanese aircraft and sunk. Some of the survivors washed ashore onto Bangka Island where they attempted to surrender to the Japanese. What followed was a massacre; 22 Australian Army nurses and 60 Australian and British soldiers and crew members were marched into the sea and killed by machine-gun fire as they stood waist-deep in the surf.
Only one nurse survived the massacre. Sister Vivian Bullwinkel was taken as a prisoner of war and returned home to Australia after the war. She later gave evidence at the Toyko War Crimes Tribunal in 1947.
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