Autumn takes hold and the colours at CWGC cemeteries in Europe are now changing, as at the WW2 Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery in the Netherlands. Thirty-seven men from Northern Ireland represent their comrades who fell on this date. Eight men of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers died in 1914 and are named on the Ploegsteert Memorial, Hainaut, Belgium. Five of them were from Derry including Joseph Holmes. In his entry there is an account of how his brother was wounded. In hospital, he was captured by the Germans, and relieved by British troops. In 1915 Bertram Letts a young medical officer from Belfast (Fettes Coll, Edinburgh. RBAI. QUB) died in Alexandria, Egypt. In 1918, 18-year-old Charles Cousins from Lurgan was one of the first to die serving in the newly-formed RAF. The WW2 entries reflect the cost to the Royal Ulster Rifles and to the Royal Artillery of liberating Italy. Gunner James Gilmour from Derry and Gunner James Mark from Limavady were serving with the 9th Heavy Anti-aircraft Regiment. Their headstones stand in Naples War Cemetery.